Traditionally Tibetan are very fond of the jewelry. Every man and woman should have a piece of gold on their body. We believe it will enhance the spiritual power over the bad omens and evil spirits. The primarily in jewelry components are gold and silver with the ornaments of precious stone. We not only use jewelry for oneself, but also on the statues of Deities and Buddha. Offering jewelry to the holy statues are often consider to generate lots of positive virtue for the donor.
Basic Components of Tibetan jewelry
Gold is the number of choices for all our jewelry. We have a staying in Tibetan, we must have a piece in gold on once body to gain spiritual power over the negative omens and bad energy. You will often find our people using gold teeth, we believe having gold teeth helps prevents one from the poisoning. You will also see us using gold butter lamp and even decorating holy statues with the gold.
We don’t really use much of the silver on once body as jewelry, but we often use silver wear for the offering to the gods in our chapels and temples. You will often find our people using old Chinese silver coins as jewels and also large silver belt buckle for the women in central Tibet especially around the Mount Everest region of Tibet.
Thogcha is the metal from tektites and meteorites which are often high in iron content. We believe thokcha is formed naturally when a thunderbolt strikes the earth. It will be found by chance either on or under the ground by a lucky person. Which is why having a piece of Thogcha is consider as a good luck charm, and some old Thogcha item could be expensive to buy.
Ornaments in Tibetan Jewelry
All the piece of Tibetan Jewelry will have part of ornaments of natural stone. Turquoise and coral are the most favored gemstone. Besides these two, we often use amber, lapis lazuli, jade, garnet, agates, rubies, sapphires, amethyst, carnelian is used too. Yak bone is used in jewelry making.
In the old days, Tibet has a vast collection of gemstones, many of them traveled from far away distances and are a testament to ancient trading links for which no written records exist. Ivory arrived from India. Cloudy yellow amber came from the Baltic. Turquoise and agate were brought in from Afghanistan. Pearls and coral were traded from the Mediterranean. Glass beads were bought from India, China and from eastern Europe.
Tibetan women Jewelry
It is essential for the Tibetan women to dress well and use all the jewelry in the house during the special social occasions. We believe having our women wears all the most elegant jewelry we can manage to purchase to show off the family position in the community. Majority of the Tibetan female deities are dress well in jewelry. Having our wives and mother to dress elegantly with all the jewelry bring good luck and fortune for the family.
In the old times, all the wealthy families would put so many jewels on their women that sometimes they can barely move in the entire structure of ornament.
Tibetan Jewelry for Men
In Tibetan culture, women are considered as the pillar of the house and men as think as the out wall of the house. It is women responsibility to look after the child and day to day activities of the house and men are responsible for making money and working in the fields. Since men will have to do more work, they use less jewelry. The most elegant jewel men would have to Amulet made of gold, silver or ordinary metal base on the family.
All men should have a ring on their finger, it signifies the adulthood of the men. Many men will have gold teeth to prevent one for the food poisoning, are some may have to go to a great distance to earn a living for the family.
Some of the most common Art we use in our jewelry.
Eight Auspicious Symbols:
Tibetan Eight Auspicious symbols are commonly used in all our jewelry. We believe having those symbols on a piece of jewelry will bring prosperities and happiness. Most of the time we will be using one of the eight symbols in it. But on the exquisite jewelry, the goldsmith may use all of the eight symbols on one piece of jewelry.
it is scarce to see the use of mantras on a piece of jewelry. But some are using it. The most famous mantra used in jewelry is that of the OM.
Dzi Beads has capabilities in protecting against the natural calamities and evil spirits. The real Dzi beads can be traced back to the 2000 year or right up to the Indus river civilization. Since old ones are costly to buy. People nowadays are opting to design their gold and silver jewels.
Ritual items: Ritual items like a different kind of vajra are often used in Tibetan Jewelry. In The Market, you can buy a lot of silver jewels made on the design of Tibetan ritual items.
I-Tibet travel and Tours is fully committed to responsible and Sustainable tourism practice in Tibet. Our privilege to be able to host you in Tibet also makes our responsibility in protecting nature and contributing back communities.
As a Local Tibetan travel agency in Lhasa. Our staffs are 100% local Tibetan tourism professionals. Additionally, We only use local Tibetan guides, other tours crews, and local business. 100% of the travel money goes to locals. Besides, We use 3% of the net profit into Environmental and social initiatives.
Being Tibetan, We know how vital the Tibetan environment is for the entire world. Mountains, glacier, and rivers are all cherished in our culture. We do our best to reduce the environmental impact of your tours in Tibet.
Following are Our ways:
a) No Small plastic bottles in the tour
All the drinking water are provided in the bigger container. So all visitors are asked to bring his/her own water bottle. In this way, we reduce hundreds and thousands of small plastic bottles. All the bigger containers are provided back to the manufacturer for reuse.
b) Incentives for practice
Incentives are given to guide and drivers. Who follow our strict directories on ethical practice towards sustainable and responsible tourism practice.
c) Staff Training every winter
Winter is a low season in Tibet tourism. We provide skill training required for the practice of Responsible and Sustainable tourism practice, first Aids and emergency first responder training. One of our managers is certified Humanity Supply Chain management by fritz institute. We work closely with individuals from institute like Tibet Eco Travel initiatives and Local Tibet Red Cross society and other NGOs.
d) Tree Plantation
Some portion of the tour money are save for our 1000 Tree plantation project. We will plant trees when we will have enough funds.
e) Smaller group size
All our tours are a small group to reduce environmental Impact. Since traveling in a smaller group has less impact on committed in an area than a big group. Therefore all our tour groups are small.
f) Trekking tours and environmental care in the wilderness of Tibet
During your trekking Tours, you will be walking across a very fragile ecosystem. We do take extra care in our trekking tours preventing environmental effects. Following are how are take care of our environment our trekking tours.
1: We nothing leave mother behind.
We make sure we take all our rubbish and leave nothing behind.
2: We protect the grassland
A little destruction of Tibet’s fragile environment is irreversible. So, in the trekking tours, we will not make drainage surrounding your tent. Instead, we will provide trekkers with a better tent with bathtub style floors which prevent water from getting into the tent. We don’t put a small tent toilet. Even if we try to put the grass back, it is not the same. So when you are answering your nature called please enjoy the view.
3: Collecting the garbage along the way.
We have a saying in Tibet, “if you can’t help, don’t harm.” Here is our helping part. We always have extra yaks carrying the Garbages, our yak men will be collecting while waiting for the clients at the campsite. Yak man walks faster than all, and they have free time at the camp. While cook prepares for meals and drinks, We pay yaks men’s incentives in collecting the rubbish around the camp.
I-Tibet travel and tours, identify its self as a social enterprise. For this, we dedicate 3% of our annual net profit to Social and environmental projects. Every winter we buy winter clothes for small children and donate to schools. In this way, besides donating winter cloth, we are also encouraging them to go to school.
It is important to make our guest understand Local Culture, Beliefs, and Ethics. Hence it will make it more comfortable during Our special tour arrangements. Like, your home visit, culture programs, and our others.